Article First Page
Culture. Cultural Disipatives Structures. Indeterminism. Chaos. Anthropology.
Cultural Analysis. Theory of Systems. Complexity. Fluctuations. Bifurcation.
Situating the problem:
project is the result of a restlessness directed to systematize Antonio
Gramsci's thought on the culture, coherent thought but disperse to all the long
of its extensive work. Initially it was thought of elaborating a "Gramscian's
Theory of the Culture"; but the development of the project modified this
intention, toward the development of a basic exploratory approach to a wider
theory; that is to say, not strictly Gramscian's. In such a sense, starting from
the bibliographical revision on new proposals of cultural analysis, the author
arrived to the final idea of producing a synthesis of the Gramscian's
conceptualization, inside the widest outline in the "complex dynamic
structures", for that which the proposal of Ilya Prigogine of those was
used «structure disipatives» and the «order for fluctuations». The
investigation problem was defined, then, in terms of the elaboration of a model
of cultural analysis that integrated the relationship between the hegemony
concepts and culture, characteristic of the Gramsci's, thought with the
indeterminist paradigm, of quantum root, provided by the theory of those «disipatives
structures» and of the «order for fluctuations».
To systematize Antonio Gramsci's thought on the
culture for, starting from there, to formulate a model of cultural analysis that
gives bill of their three basic dimensions: the «anthropological dimension or
abstract dimension», «the historical-abstract or logical dimension» and the
To develop the «anthropological dimension» to
provide the general epistemologic foundation, applied to the analysis of the
To develop the «the historical-abstract or
logical dimension» to build the pattern of cultural analysis based on the
relationship between the hegemony concepts and culture.
To develop the concept of «cultural
disipatives structures» to integrate in him the theory of the hegemony with the
theory of the complexity represented by those «disipatives structures».
To demonstrate that, in the new integrated
model, the culture can be understood as a group of manifestations of conceptions
of the world, inscribed in the mark of the correlations of forces among the
«social bases» that integrate a given cultural system, and that this systems
are governed by a «order for fluctuations»; that is to say, for stochastic and
probabilistic processes, of uncertain nature.
most important results in the project can be summarized this way:
Characterization of the three basic dimensions
implied in the construction of a model of cultural analysis: the
«anthropological dimension or abstract dimension», «the historical-abstract
or logical dimension» and the «concrete dimension».
Development of the «anthropological
dimension» or «abstract dimension» and demonstration of the hypothesis that
the culture can be explained as the group of the man's generic being's
manifestations; that is to say of its condition specifically human.
Development of the «the historical-abstract or
logical dimension» and demonstration of the hypothesis that the culture can be
understood as a group of manifestations of conceptions of the world, organized
by means of instances of ideological articulation that, in turn, they are
regulated by the fluctuations of the correlations of forces among the «social
bases» that integrate those «cultural systems».
Development of the relationship among
«hegemony» and «culture» and design of the theoretical pattern of
description of the relationships among «social bases», «condition existence
materials», «interest and historical necessities», and «conceptions of the
world»; and of configuration of «social blocks», «ideological blocks»,
«hegemonic blocks» and «cultural blocks». Definition of the relationship
between hegemony and «historical block», and between hegemony and «public
opinion». And position of the notion of «organic crisis» of the «historical
block» and irruption of a new culture.
Elaboration of the basic position of definition
of the «Cultural Disipatives Structures», their description in fields of
phases, definition of their systemic character, explanation of the «order for
fluctuations» that it governs their behavior, and presentation of the basic
outline of the methodology of analysis cultural denominated Model of Analysis
for Fields of Interface, developed starting from the notion of «Cultural
Disipatives Structures» and already used in projects of applied investigation.
Conclusions and recommendations:
The project provides a structured vision and
coherent of a novel model of cultural analysis, but it doesn't reach to
configure a properly this theory, because many of the theoretical suppositions
used in its formulation should be enlarged and applied for its scientific
validation. Such they are the cases of the theories of the bifurcation, the
theory of catastrophes, the theory of the singularities, the fractales theory,
to only refer to those mentioned in the text.
The bibliographical revision showed the
existence of investigations applied in related areas that of the project, that
could not be analyzed thoroughly by reasons of time, but that they should be
studied and confronted with the basic proposal, like part of the validation
For these reasons, the main recommendation is
to continue up with the development of the points mentioned, with the purpose of
pointing to the formulation of a «theory» compactly formulated and sustained.